Rudy Winston
Rudy Winston

Rudy Winston has over 17 years experience with Canon USA's Pro Products team, and has been responsible during that time for training Canon's staff on new products, creating presentations for customers and dealers, numerous writing projects, and providing technical assistance to professional and amateur photographers.

Auto ISO operation in the EOS 7D Mark II

September 15, 2014

Once considered strictly a tool for the casual snap-shooter, Auto ISO has recently grown in stature to the point that some pros and advanced DSLR enthusiasts expect to use it in certain fast-paced situations, or where lighting may make radical changes from shot-to-shot.

Auto ISO has evolved in EOS cameras, adding features and functionality as new models have been introduced in recent years. The EOS 7D Mark II has — without question — Canon’s most advanced Auto ISO operation ever. With this camera, critical users who want Auto ISO will feel very much at home. Here are some of the EOS 7D Mark II’s Auto ISO capabilities:

Define the working range of Auto ISO, from ISO 100 thru 16,000

The Auto ISO range can be different than the available (user-defined) range for a manually-selected ISO, and are entered separately in the “ISO speed settings” menu, in the 2nd Shooting Menu screen. Users can set whatever lowest and highest ISOs they feel comfortable using for Auto ISO, factoring in both image quality concerns and the lighting they expect to be working in.

NEW: Minimum Shutter Speed now extends to 1/8000th second

One aspect of Auto ISO is pre-setting the system so that when light drops and shutter speed (in P or Av mode) is forced below a pre-defined level, the camera will automatically raise ISO and preserve at least that minimum shutter speed. EOS 7D Mark II now allows the user to pre-set anywhere from 1/8000th of a second to 1 full second as that minimum shutter speed.

Previous EOS cameras limited the fastest “minimum” speed to 1/250th of a second, which often wasn’t sufficient to avoid blurs when shooting moving subjects, and/or working with telephoto lenses. What happens if you set 1/8000th of a second? The EOS 7D Mark II will simply do its best to always shoot at 1/8000 in P or Av modes, varying ISO (and aperture, in P-mode) to do so, and only allowing slower speeds when you’ve reached your pre-set maximum available ISO, and declining light levels mean slower shutter speeds are the only answer to continue to get proper exposure.

NEW: User-controllable “Auto” for minimum shutter speed with Auto ISO

Another option for pre-setting the minimum shutter speed before Auto ISO goes to a higher ISO setting is “Auto.” In the past, this was simply 1/ lens focal length, and with standard or wide-angle lenses, the resulting slow shutter speeds sometimes meant speeds that were dangerously close to risking blurs from subject or camera movement. Think about it — in a fast-paced situation, such as (for instance) indoor wedding candids with a 16-35mm lens, do you really want speeds dropping as low as 1/15th of a second?

EOS 7D Mark II now offers a 7-step scale, to further fine-tune what the camera will do when you’ve set Auto for minimum shutter speed. It still uses 1/ lens focal length as the base, but with considerable adjustability. Three settings on the “+” side allow you to dial-in 1, 2 or 3 stops faster shutter speeds than whatever your current 1/ lens focal length setting is. And the “–” settings allow up to 3 stops slower speeds, for instances where you’re using Image Stabilization, or are otherwise confident that slower shutter speeds will be the right answer for you.

Particularly when working with zoom lenses having an extensive zoom range, the Auto setting gives flexibility to work with Auto ISO, and have appropriate shutter speeds for your longer focal lengths, and still allow for reduced — but safe — speeds at wide zoom settings.

NEW: Exposure Compensation in Manual exposure mode with Auto ISO

Recent EOS cameras have allowed users to work in Manual exposure mode, pre-set an appropriate shutter speed and lens aperture, and then apply Auto ISO so the camera can adjust final exposure for any changes in scene brightness — without the speed/aperture changing. However, one glitch (other than EOS-1D X cameras, with firmware v. 2.0 or higher) has been that there’s been no way to intentionally lighten or darken an exposure.

Again, EOS 7D Mark II changes this, and no doubt it’ll be welcome news to serious shooters who like the option of Auto ISO with Manual exposures.

It’s done by using Custom Controls, and changing either the SET button, or the new AF Area Selection Lever operation. (Both controls are easy to access, on the back of the EOS 7D Mark II.)

Changing either to “Exposure Comp.” within the Custom Controls menu lets you directly and deliberately under- or over-expose with Auto ISO in Manual exposure mode, without changing the shutter speed or aperture you’ve already dialed-in. Either way, press the button (or push the lever to about the 2 o’clock position), hold either one there, and simultaneously turn the Main Dial on top of the camera — you’ll see the exposure compensation value appear in both the viewfinder, and also on the top LCD panel.


Auto ISO has shown itself to be increasingly valuable to available-light shooters who work in conditions where lighting or subjects can change quickly and radically, or even in situations where a shooter wants to work hand-held, and make quick and major changes in exposure settings (for instance, a sequence of shots of the same subject, one at widest aperture, and another at f/22). The EOS 7D Mark II adds a number of important new advancements, to make Auto ISO operation more controllable and enjoyable than in previous models. It’s yet another reason for the serious enthusiast to take a long look at this camera, and the potential it offers.

The CDLC contributors are compensated spokespersons and actual users of the Canon products that they promote.

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